Due to the abundance of skin-care products on the market today, it can be difficult for someone to find the products she actually needs that will suit her particular skin type. In the past, people simply washed their faces with soap, and that was it. Modern skin-care regimens now include many different steps, with many scary-sounding products like lightening serums, regenerating creams, and glycolic peels. While the endless options that are available can be overwhelming, the consumer should simply focus on finding the right skin moisturizer that’s the best fit for her skin.
How Moisturizer Works
Out of all of the different types of skin-care products, moisturizer is at the top of the list. Why? Well, the skin is the largest organ of the human body, so it’s essential to keep it from getting dried out. Not only is dry skin aging, it can also lead to cracks that can open up and bleed, allowing bacteria to enter and cause infections. Skin moisturizers prevent this from happening by pulling moisture from the inner layers of the skin to the outer layer, and holding it there. Most moisturizers are made from a combination of three main ingredients: occlusives, which are waxy and oily and create a barrier over the skin to prevent water loss; emollients, which are creams and lotions that penetrate the skin to make it feel soft; and humectants, which include glycerin and alpha hydroxyl acids that help absorb moisture from the air into the skin.
The Different Kinds of Moisturizers
There are two main types of skin moisturizers: face and body. The skin on the face is much thinner than that on the body, so it’s important to use a different moisturizer on the face. Facial moisturizers come in a wide array of choices. Noncomedogenic means that a formula is oil free and won’t clog pores or cause acne breakouts. Anti-aging face creams often contain the proteins collagen and elastin, which combat wrinkles and saggy skin. Hypoallergenic moisturizers contain less allergy-causing ingredients than other creams and are made for those with sensitive skin or allergies. There are also various kinds of body moisturizers for different purposes. Skin-darkening moisturizers often have the word “glow” somewhere in their names, and they contain a chemical that gradually browns the skin with continual use. Soothing body lotions, made with colloidal oatmeal, have properties that calm down itching, and are ideal for those with skin conditions like eczema.
Finding the Right Moisturizer
Age and skin type are the major factors that a person should take into consideration when choosing a skin moisturizer. Hypoallergenic, fragrance-free creams are perfect for those who suffer from sensitive skin or allergies, and noncomedogenic, oil-free formulas are made for people with oily, acne-prone complexions. Battling breakouts is usually an issue for those who are in their 20s, so they should gravitate to oil-free moisturizers, and those who are in their 30s and above should look for moisturizers containing retinol, which is a wrinkle-fighting ingredient. No matter her age or skin type, it’s crucial that a person makes sure she chooses a skin moisturizer containing an SPF of at least 30.